Joint Statement by Secwepemc & Gidimt’en Land Defenders

October 16, 2020

Pipeline companies threaten violence to communities, salmon and wildlife with drilling under sacred headwaters.

(Unceded Yintah / Secwepemcúĺecw Territories): Coastal Gaslink pipeline in Wet’suwet’en territory and Trans Mountain Pipeline in Secwepemc territory are both currently preparing to drill under our clear rivers, from which we have drawn sustenance since time immemorial. In the past few days we have seen Indigenous women interrupted during ceremonies in both territories, and arrests and incarcerations in Secwepemc territories, for enacting their sacred responsibilities. 

The Trans Mountain Pipeline weaves through over 900 rivers and creeks, threatening both Secwepemcetkwe (Thompson) and Fraser River systems. The North Thompson is connected to the Adams River, a vital spawning habitat for chinook, coho, and pink salmon, and home to one of the most important sockeye runs in the world. Any leakage would immediately threaten the pacific salmon who spawn in the Secwepemcetkwe (Thompson) and Fraser River basins.

In an open letter to the Prime Minister dated November 26, 2016, our late Secwepemc leader Arthur Manuel wrote to Trudeau:

“The salmon and the rivers they inhabit have taken care of our people for centuries and we are obligated as Secwepemc people to protect the Thompson River system for future generations.”

In this the Secwepemc stand in solidarity with the Wet’suwet’en people, who have been fighting to protect Wedzin Kwa (Morice River) from pipeline incursions for over a decade. Wetʼsuwetʼen means “People of the lower drainage” and Wet’suwet’en people's lives are inseparable from the life of the Wedzin Kwa river, which we have protected for thousands of years, and which has in turn fed us and governed us through our hereditary leaders and knowledge-keepers.

Sleydo’ Molly Wickham, spokesperson of the Gidimt'en Checkpoint, states:

At this time our rivers, the lifeblood of our nations, are facing drills, toxins and invaders. Indigenous people are standing up to state violence, big industry and corporate greed for the future of all of humanity--of all life on our yintah. We stand with our Secwepemc relatives in their struggle and ask all Indigenous peoples and our allies to stand up for the salmon, the clean drinking water, the animals and our future generations. We will not let them kill us. We will always be here.

Over the last two decades we have witnessed the dramatic decline of our salmon as a result of toxic extractive and urban development on our territory, as well as fish farms, invasive species, and climate change. These pipeline expansions pose the most direct risk yet.

The drilling alone threatens not only salmon spawning habitat but the balance of the entire ecosystem and food chain they rely upon. The sockeye are tenacious, fighting their way thousands of kilometres upstream from the Pacific Ocean to reach their spawning beds in Secwepemc territory. Wedzin Kwa joins the Skeena and runs through the canyons out to the Pacific Ocean. We cannot risk putting any more obstacles in the salmons’ way.

Our traditional land users and stewards—those who exercise our right to hunt, fish, gather, and practice our culture—are the ones who truly understand the potential impacts of the pipeline. It is these members of our nations who will feel the effects of the pipeline on our rights and our food sovereignty most acutely. It is these members who have authority over our lands the government of Canada has failed most.

When we protect our rivers from invading industries, and insist on our rights to fish and hunt on our territories, we are criminalized, harassed and jailed. In Secwepemc territory, there were 5 arrests yesterday and 3 indigenous land defenders were sentenced to 28 days in Canadian jail.

By refusing to seek the free prior and informed consent of our people, and instead opting to sign deals and agreements with a few of our federal Indian bands, the government of Canada has undermined the authority of the proper rights and title holders of Secwepemcúl’ecw and the Wet’suwet’en yintah.

Media Contacts:

Jennifer Wickham
Media Coordinator for Gidimt’en Checkpoint:
yintahaccess@gmail.com

Kanahus Manuel, Secwepemc
Tiny House Warriors:
(250) 852-3924

…THE TMX PIPELINE WILL NEVER BE BUILT

June 18,  2019  

Activists: 'Despite government approval, the TMX Pipeline will never be built'

The Tiny House Warriors responded to today’s official approval of the Transmountain Pipeline by insisting that it will never be built on Secwempemc land, which includes 50% of the proposed pipeline route.

The Tiny House Warriors are a group of Secwepemc land and water defenders who for the past year, have been gathered in a new village of tiny houses on Secwepemc territory near Blue River. Their village site is along the proposed pipeline route and just across from a planned thousand man camp for pipeline construction workers and they are insisting that they will not allow either the man-camp or the pipeline to be built on their territory.

“The Trudeau government does not have the right to put a pipeline through unceded Secwepemc land,” says Kanahus Manuel, a spokesperson for the Tiny House Warriors. “To try to legitimize this illegal act, Canada uses what legal scholars call its “cunning misinterpretation of “consent” which is inconsistent with Indigenous, constitutional and international law.”

“The fact that they have a few sellout Indian Act chiefs supporting their pipeline in no way legitimizes it. The salaries of these sellouts are directly paid by the Department of Indian Affairs and they have no right to speak for the people who are the rightful titleholders of the land.”

“The same goes for the idea of selling this worthless pipeline to Indigenous people and using Indian Trust monies to back this up. This is merely trying to put a brown face on the rape of our land. We will not allow that to happen.”

And while the United Nations is today looking into the genocidal murders of Indigenous women and girls uncovered by the MMIWG Report, we will not allow Trans Mountain pipeline to insert a man camp of a thousand white men into our territory to continue and even accelerate the genocidal rape and murders of our women and girls.”

“Today, we are calling on all of our Indigenous and non-Indigenous allies to join us in this battle to ensure the man-camps are not built and the Trans Mountain pipeline will not pass.”

LETTER FROM HUMAN RIGHTS SYMPOSIUM PARTICIPANTS

May 10,  2020 

Letter from Human Rights Symposium attendees in support of Tiny House Warriors, condemning the recent attack at Blue River Camp

On March 14-15, 2020, we attended a human rights symposium in Secwepmec territory in support of the Tiny House Warriors. A hundred people gathered from across these Indigenous lands, all the way from an Inuk community in Labrador to the island of Haida Gwaii on the Pacific, and dozens of places in between. Due to COVID-19, some of us could not attend in person, but we watched on livestream and followed the event through the images, words, and ideas that were posted on social media throughout the event.

We were all witnesses to the incredible efforts of the Tiny House Warriors to protect their lands in the face of the Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion , which they oppose, and learned about the international human rights law, Indigenous law, and Aboriginal rights law that protects the Secwepemc’s inherent right to occupy and govern their territory. This includes the right to refuse to consent to Canada’s pipeline.

We have come together again now. This time to express our deep concern and absolute condemnation of the violent attack on the Tiny House Warriors camp on Sunday April 19.

Three white men and one white woman rammed vehicles into the barricade that controls access to the Blue River camp. This camp was built and maintained by the Tiny House Warriors as a blockade against the man camps that will host the temporary workforce hired to construct the pipeline expansion.

Canada has a dismal human rights record of violence against Indigenous people and in particular against Indigenous women. Although I may not physically be there at the Blue River Camp, I stand with them, as so many of us do.

- Christi Belcourt, Métis artist and activist

These men tore down the red dresses hanging in memorial of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls, stole Kanahus’ truck, and rammed it into a Tiny House where she had fled to escape physical attack. She was verbally abused by drunk men who made misogynistic and racist comments toward her, clearly threatening her safety. For 25 long minutes, Kanahus was under attack late at night at a camp where she and family and community members were also social distancing from Covid-19.

I find it appalling that in 2020 there is still racism, violence, verbal abuse and threats towards defenders and protectors of Indigenous human rights law, Indigenous law, and Aboriginal rights law. I demand that the RCMP find who is responsible for this hate crime and hold them accountable. I and many of my colleagues will be watching closely to see how the RCMP investigation unfolds and how the provincial and federal governments react to this act of terrorism.

- Kirby Muldoe, Gitskan and Tsmisian

At the symposium, we heard from human rights experts, policy analysts, lawyers, and land defenders who spoke to the struggle of Indigenous peoples in Canada to defend their territories and self-determination.

Everyone spoke to the importance of the stand the Tiny House Warriors were taking to carry on the fight of their ancestors to ensure the run of salmon in the rivers, the abundance of berries in the fields, and the purity of the water to drink. But most of all, what they pass down to their children by taking a stand is the knowledge that the land is their responsibility to protect, as well as the strength to fight for it.

This letter is to affirm our unanimous support for the work of the Tiny House Warriors as well as to express the deepest concern we feel for their safety. We will be watching closely to see how the RCMP investigation unfolds. Given the historical and recent record of criminalization of land defenders, and the targeting of Tiny House Warriors by law enforcement in particular, we will be vigilant in ensuring that these concerns are taken seriously and that violent attackers do not enjoy impunity for their hate crimes.

We will also be advocating for the Tiny House Warriors at the highest international human rights bodies in the world for the right to defend their sovereignty against the Trans Mountain pipeline, for which the Canadian government has not secured their consent as required under the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which Canada signed. Since BC has adopted UNDRIP in recent legislation, this international legal standard should be brought to bear provincially, too.

Given my experience as an international indigenous human rights attorney for over 30 years, I can only surmise that this obviously premeditated and vicious attack on the Tiny House Warriors has racist roots and extends to their defense of their territories against an oil pipeline destined to carry the world’s dirtiest oil. I hope and expect the Canadian authorities, both federal and provincial to fully investigate this reprehensible attack and bring all of those responsible, including if need be, corporate or governmental accomplices, to justice.

- Alberto Saldamando, Human Right Attorney, Indigenous Environmental Network

To the Tiny House Warriors, we stand behind you. Our eyes and ears will protect you.

Signed,

David Suzuki

Russ Diabo
Indigenous Policy Analyst, Editor & Publisher, First Nations Strategic Bulletin

Christi Belcourt
Métis artist

Pamela Palmater
Chair of Indigenous Governance, Ryerson University

Harsha Walia

Kukpi7 Judy Wilson
Secretary Treasurer, Union of BC Indian Chiefs

Indigenous Peoples Law & Policy Program
University of Arizona 

The Water Protector Legal Collective

Divest Invest Protect

Sacred Earth Solar

Indigenous Climate Action

The Council of Canadians / Le Conseil des Canadiens

KAIROS Canada

Linda Black Elk
Food Sovereignty Skills Director, United Tribes Technical College

Alberto Saldamando
Human Right Attorney, Indigenous Environmental Network

Irina Ceric
Professor of Criminology, Kwantlen Polytechnic

Sandra Creamer
Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Australia

Annie Banks, Cat Brooks, the Anti Police-Terror Project, and the Justice Teams Network

Eugene Kung
Staff Lawyer, West Coast Environmental Law Association

Avi Lewis
Strategic Director, The Leap

Shiri Pasternak
Research Director, Yellowhead Institute, Prof. Criminology, Ryerson University

Anne Spice
Tlingit, PhD Candidate, Anthropology, CUNY Graduate Center

Kirby Muldoe
Gitxsan and Tsimsian

Chris Albinati
Lawyer

Tupac Enrique Acosta
Tonatierra

Sam McKay
Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug

Billie Jean Gabriel
Syilx Photographer 

D.T. Cochrane
Post-Doctoral Researcher, York University

Emma Feltes
PhD Candidate, UBC Anthropology

Megan Scribe
Norway House, Ryerson University

SHUT DOWN THE MAN CAMPS

Blue River, April 1,  2020

OUR LIVES AND OUR LANDS are already in danger from the construction of the Trans Mountain pipeline through our territory.

But today we face the additional risk of a deadly virus that could be carried by construction workers who live in a densely populated man camp near our homes.

We, the Secwepemc, have never ceded, surrendered, or given up our sovereign title and rights over the land, waters and resources within Secwepemcul’ecw.

We have never provided and will never provide our collective free, prior and informed consent – the minimal international standard – to Canada’s Trans Mountain Pipeline Project or the Trans Mountain Man Camps.

Yet a 1000-worker Blue River Campsite in plotted to be built on 16 hectares of our lands for the construction of this pipeline. In defence, we have built the Tiny House Warrior camp: six small homes to stop the construction of this pipeline and the workforce sent to build it. Construction has begun at two other Trans Mountain Man Camp sites in Clearwater and Valemount both within Secwepemc Territory and without Secwepemc consent.

As Indigenous communities go into voluntary lockdowns throughout the country to contain the spread of Covid-19, the contagion continues to travel through and near our community by natural resource industries that have irresponsibly deemed essential services by British Columbia (BC). We demand these sites be shut down immediately because they are in direct contravention of the ruling by the public health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry that construction companies must comply with the 50-person limit on shared spaces

We know this move by BC to recognize resource extraction work at “essential services” is a cynical attempt to take advantage of our impaired mobility to push the extractive industries onto our land. And this at a time when these industries have been condemned and ordered shut down by human rights organizations in Geneva and around the world.

By pushing them through our territories during a deadly pandemic, the resource company invasion is not only an ongoing violation of our jurisdiction, the contagious man camps they had set up on our land could be a death sentence for our people.

BC Hydro has at least 18 people in quarantine at its Site C dam site. Reports indicate that its 1,700-person workforce remains in place but that the number of people staying at the man camp will be reduced. But the number of men at the camp still will likely still sit at around 1,000 people at a time when groups larger than 5 cannot legally congregate elsewhere in the province. 

These camps continue to be expanded against the will of the workers themselves. The BC Building Trades called for all remote camps to be tooled down only to the bare essentials, prioritizing the health and safety of workers.

We have been calling for the shutdown of these camps for years, for the already risky prospect of danger to women and girls posed by massive camps of men working long hours, often doing hard drugs, and looking for release.

Man camps provide temporary employee housing to thousands of mostly non-Indigenous male workers – who are legally disallowed from bringing their families – in the resource sector. This is a consistent pattern of the settler state over the past century. Hudson’s Bay Company prohibited European women from accompanying, and flooded Indigenous lands with non-Indigenous men who kidnapped, sexually exploited, enslaved and sold Indigenous women.

Today, wherever man camps are set up, we face exponential increases in sexual violence. As development results in the destruction of our land base and our food sovereignty, it also drives up food and housing prices. This further intensifies our economic insecurity and we are forced into even more vulnerable conditions.

In December 2019, the United Nations Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination sent a cease and desist order to Canada from the committee.

The committee, specifically, expressed concern, “by the refusal to consider free, prior and informed consent as a requirement for any measure, such as large-scale development projects, that may cause irreparable harm to indigenous peoples rights, culture, lands, territories and way of life.”

Added to this scourge today is the real danger these camps impose on us from the spread of the coronavirus pandemic into our communities, which poses the greatest threat to our Elders. We demand that British Columbia listen to human rights organizations, to its own public health experts and the workers themselves to cease and desist all resource extraction work during this deadly pandemic.

We have lived on our land of 180,000 square km of unceded territory since time immemorial. We collectively hold title and governance regarding Secwepemcul’ecw and the collective consent of the Secwepemc is required for any access to our lands, waters and resources. We are committed to upholding our collective jurisdiction to look after the land, the language, and the culture of our people, as well as the safety and wellbeing of our women and our Elders. We will not stand for this new assault on our lands and peoples!

Investors take note, the Trans Mountain Pipeline project and any other corporate colonial project that seeks to go through and destroy our 180,000 square km of unceded territory will be refused passage through our territory. We stand resolutely together against any and all threats to our lands, the wildlife and the waterways.

We, the Secwepemc, have never ceded, surrendered, or given up our sovereign title and rights over the land, waters and resources within Secwepemcul’ecw. We have lived on our land since time immemorial and have never been conquered by war. We collectively hold title and governance regarding Secwepemcul’ecw and the collective consent of the Secwepemc is required for any access to our lands, waters and resources.